Cannabis vs Opioids
Cannabis Saving American Lives?
Pain. Universally a part of the human experience and a serious threat to Americans’ quality of life. Over 100 million Americans’ suffer from chronic pain costing American consumers around $600 billion a year (1). Undeterred by the staggering monetary resources spent on pain management, pain continues to take a toll on American society. The current pain culture in the United States relies heavily on the pain relieving properties of opioids. Opioidsare drugs that include common prescription pain medication such as morphine, hydrocodone, codeine, oxycodone, fentanyl and others (2).
When utilized properly, opioids offer an effective way to control pain. However, in 2015 alone, over 20 million Americans experienced a substance use disorder. Over 2 million of those cases directly attributed their problem to the use of prescription opioid pain pills. In total opioids accounted for over 33,000 overdose deaths; this represents over 60% of all overdose deaths in the country (2). Despite the data exhibiting the negative impact that opioids present, they have been abided as a first and primary option in the fight against pain.
Consumers, lawmakers, and health care professionals who are involved or affected by the opioid crisis have the responsibility to educate themselves and advocate alternative options that are currently available. One substance that has manifested itself as an obvious alternative is the cannabis plant (marijuana). The scientific community continues to prove that now more than ever is the time to utilize cannabis as a tool in the battle against pain. A simple google search erects a vast wealth of knowledge and portrays a strong case supporting the use of cannabis as a therapeutic tool, including pain control.
Not only is cannabis significantly safer than nearly all other drugs, it is also the only drug that has demonstrated to be a low mortality risk for any and all users of the substance (8). According to a study published in 2015, cannabis graded out as 114 times less deadly than legal substances like alcohol and tobacco (8). A study published this year (2017) surveyed over 2000 chronic pain patients in regards to cannabis and their own current opioid usage and over 93% of participants preferred cannabis over opioids for managing their chronic pain. While research is needed to confirm cannabis as a primary option to manage chronic pain; 97% of the participants in the aforementioned study strongly agreed that by consuming cannabis they are able to take less opioid pills, another 81%of this study group strongly agreed that cannabis alone was a better tool to treat their pain than consuming cannabis with opioids.
Despite the vast evidence in support of legal cannabis the federal government has failed to change the schedule 1 status of the cannabis plant. Schedule 1 status suggests that these drugs hold no medical use as well as high potential for abuse. Legally these drugs are viewed as unsafe even under a medical professional’s careful guidance (7). (Opioids including heroin are schedule II) Due to the restrictive nature that schedule 1 substances are subject to, progression towards utilizing the plant to its’ fullest potential remains mildly hindered by the left over stink of reefer madness.
By reason of this ill-advised scheduling our law enforcement officers today are still forced to use billions of taxpayer dollars to enforce ignorant cannabis laws that would be better spent on more serious crime. However, the schedule 1 tag has not ceased the growing tolerance of cannabis amongst Americans. States continue to see accelerated rewriting and revision of outdated cannabis laws falling in nearly domino fashion.
Currently 29 states offer medicinal cannabis, meanwhile 12 additional states are currently working on passing new medicinal cannabis legislation, and 8 states now offer full recreational cannabis to all consumers who comply with state laws (5). To no surprise to any well researched cannabis consumer, states with consumer access to medicinal cannabis experienced 25% less overdose deaths compared to states without medicinal cannabis (6). Just to the north of the opioid affliction in the United States, Canada plans to legalize cannabis nationwide starting June 1, 2018 (11). The Great White North will join Uruguay, the Netherlands, and Spain as cannabis tolerant nations.
The United States is on the brink of recognizing cannabis as an established pain management tool. A recent poll showed that 60% of Americans are supportive of full legalization compared to the 12% of Americans who were in support in 1969. As cannabis prohibition continues to unravel and the tolerance of cannabis becomes more enthusiastic, the legalization efforts will continue to prevail. Soon, all Americans will gain a safer option to call upon for pain relief.